Kaiyu style garden (a style of Japanese garden) (回遊式庭園)

The Kaiyu style garden is a Japanese garden where circulating walking paths are provided for enjoying views of the garden. Gardens with circulating walking paths exist in countries other than Japan, but the term Kaiyu is mostly used for Japanese style gardens.

Summary

Kaiyu style gardens progressed from gardens for daimyo (Japanese feudal lords) in the Edo period, and it is said that all elements of Japanese gardens before that era are integrated there.

The most typical such gardens are called Chisen Kaiyu style gardens, in which a big pond is placed at the center, walking paths are provided around the pond, and the landscape, for example, of a scenic spot was reproduced with tsukiyama (artificial miniature hills), small islands in the pond, bridges and beautiful stones. Houses for tea ceremony and azuma-ya (small arbors) are placed in various locations in the garden, for resting while walking or for enjoying views of the garden.

Typical kaiyu style gardens

The garden of Katsura Imperial Villa (located in Nishikyo Ward, Kyoto City, Kyoto Prefecture)

The garden of Kyoto Imperial Palace (located in Kamigyo Ward, Kyoto City, Kyoto Prefecture)

Koishikawa Koraku-en Garden (located in Bunkyo Ward, Tokyo Prefecture)

A historic site/special historic site and a place of scenic beauty

Hama-Rikyu Onshi Teien Garden (located in Chuo Ward, Tokyo Prefecture)

A special historic site and a place of special scenic beauty

Remains of the Asakura clan at Ichijodani (located in Fukui City, Fukui Prefecture)

A special historic site and a place of special scenic beauty

Kairaku-en Garden (located in Mito City, Ibaragi Prefecture)

A historic site and a place of scenic beauty

Kenroku-en Garden (located in Kanazawa City, Ishikawa Prefecture)

A place of special scenic beauty

Koraku-en Garden (located in Okayama City, Okayama Prefecture)

A place of special scenic beauty

Genkyuen (located in Hikone City, Shiga Prefecture)

A special historic site and a place of scenic beauty

The garden of Adachi Museum of Art (located in Yasugi City, Shimane Prefecture)

Ritsurin-koen park (located in Takamatsu City, Kagawa Prefecture)

A place of special scenic beauty