Kyoto City Zoo (京都市動物園)
Kyoto City Zoo is a municipal zoo located in Okazaki, Sakyo Ward, Kyoto City. Heian-jingu Shrine, Nanzen-ji Temple, Kyoto Kaikan, and the Kyoto Municipal Museum of Art are in its neighborhood. Its has heavily focused on reproduction, and boasts many of Japan's first successes in this field.
Its central focus is on reproduction. Japan's first cases of reproduction: (1) mammals: lion, tiger, western lowland gorilla, lar gibbon, European bison (2) birds: white stork, black-necked swan, Caribbean flamingo, streaked shearwater, plain chachalaca (3) reptiles: Florida python, red-footed tortoise. It has succeeded not only in breeding a single lowland gorilla, but also in being the only institution to have bred three generations of them in Japan as of 2003.
Facilities and Animals
As of 2003
Giraffe ('Kiyomizu' and 'Mirai')
Asian elephant ('Mito')
Western Lowland gorilla
Lar gibbon (White-handed Gibbon)
California sea lion
Lesser panda (Red panda)
Indian flying fox
Lesser bushbaby (Senegal bushbaby)
White-tailed sea eagle
European black vulture
Siamese fireback pheasant
Vulturine guinea fowl
Big water birds house
Ducks are housed in the 'Sakuragata no ike' (literally cherry blossom shaped pond) covered with a 21 meter dome wire net. It houses and exhibits 120 ducks of approximately 20 species, of which most are native to Japan.
Waldrapp (Northern bald Ibis)
Reptiles and amphibians
Green tree python
Common blue-tongued skink
New Guinea snake-necked turtle
Otogi no Kuni (literally fairy land, this facility is specifically for communication with animals)
In this facility, visitors can touch animals and feed them. Smoking, eating and drinking are prohibited.
Animal library: storing approximately 6000 books on animals. It does not lend books out.
Specimen room: containing a stuffed specimen of a cockatoo. It holds the record for keeping a live cockatoo in captivity (of 54 years), the longest in Japan as of 2003.
First-aid center: entrusted by Kyoto Prefecture, it treats wild animals.
April 1, 1903: it opened as only the second zoo in Japan. It housed 238 animals of 61 species.
1910: a female and a male lion were born, the first time in Japan.
1932: an escaped male lion called 'Kozakura-go' was shot to death.
1940: by the end of the year it housed 965 animals of 209 species.
September 1945 (at the end of the War): it housed 274 animals of 72 species.
1953: for the first time in Japan two male tigers and a female tiger are born in captivity.
1955: 'Otogi no Kuni' was opened.
1962: Japan's first male lar gibbon was born.
1966: it succeeded in Japan's first artificial incubation of a white stork.
1967: it succeeded in Japan's first incubation of a black-necked swan.
1970: Japan's first male western lowland gorilla was born.
1966: it succeeded in Japan's first incubation of a Caribbean flamingo.
1976: Japan's first female European bison was born. In the same year, it succeeded in Japan's first artificial breeding of a Florida python.
1981: it succeeded in Japan's first artificial incubation of a streaked shearwater.
1984: it succeeded in Japan's first artificial breeding of a red-footed tortoise.
1990: it succeeded in Japan's first incubation of a plain chachalaca.
2003: at its centennial anniversary, it housed 721 animals of 175 species.