Hikimayu (painted eyebrows) (引眉)
Hikimayu is a makeup technique applied from the Nara period to the Edo period, meaning to shave or pull out eyebrows.
After shaving or pulling out eyebrows, thin arc-shaped eyebrows were drawn with ink.
Heian to Azuchi-Momoyama period
After shaving or pulling out eyebrows, oval-shaped 'tenjo-mayu' eyebrows were drawn with ink at positions higher than the removed eyebrows.
Originally, hikimayu was applied together with ohaguro (black painted teeth) at Mogi (coming-of-age ceremony for girls). From around the mid Heian period, it was adopted into the genpuku (coming-of-age) ceremonies for male nobles and generals of the Taira family.
From the Muromachi period on, the position of the tenjo-mayu became still higher, and the eyebrow style came to be incorporated into Noh masks.
Unmarried women from age 18 to age 20 (even when applying ohaguro, hikimayu was optional).
Until the mid Edo period, the original shapes of the eyebrows were drawn with dilute ink after they were shaved or pulled out.
From the late Edo period and on, eyebrows were left undrawn after they were shaved or pulled out.
In theatrical performances and ukiyoe (Japanese woodblock prints), eyebrows were drawn in pale blue after they were shaved or pulled out, which is a technique called seitai.
After the civilization and enlightenment, both hikimayu and ohaguro declined and almost died out by the mid Meiji period. At present, it is applied only in some theatrical performances and traditional festivals.