Kamigata Bunka (Kamigata Culture) (上方文化)
Kamigata Bunka is a culture cultivated in Kamigata centered in Osaka and Kyoto. It refers to every value of life such as food, clothing, housing, holiness, nature, truth, virtue and beauty. It has delicate shades of meanings and elegance.
In the Genroku era (1688 – 1704) the economy of Kamigata developed remarkably. The wealthy townspeople became the leader of the new culture and Kamigata Bunka appeared.
It always remained the center of the Yamato race culture in the history of Japan. Since the Edo period began, with spreading culture eastward, refined and developed Kamigata Bunka was also brought to Kanto gradually, and finally in the Kasei era the own culture of Edo flowered.
The life and culture of Kamigata
Monomiyusan (a pleasure trip) including cherry-blossom viewing, moon viewing, viewing autumnal leaves and snow viewing
The outskirts of Kamigata
Sinsaibashi, Fushimi Inari, Ohatsu-tenjin Shrine (Tsuyunoten-jinja Shrine)
Kamigata Kabuki (Kansai Kabuki)
Tojuro SAKATA, Ichimatsu SANOGAWA
Sanjikkoku (a popular item of rakugo, literally, "30 koku")
Kyogen (farce played during a No play cycle)
Ukiyoe (Japanese woodblock prints)
Kamigata Mai (static dance)
Jiuta (a genre of traditional songs with samisen accompaniment)
Iroha karuta (playing card)
In the early Edo period, people in Kamigata liked kimono (Japanese traditional clothing) made of good quality materials and also dyed kimono and kanoko shibori (spot tie-dyeing) appeared earlier in Kamigata. In the Genroku era, Yuzen-zome (fabrics dyed by a method invented by Yuzen MIYAZAKI) became very popular and it was said that there was no place like Kamigata to see luxury clothes. The prosperity of kimono was supported by the financial power and aesthetic sense of the townspeople of Kamigata.
Furisode (kimono with long, trailing sleeves)
Yukata (an informal cotton kimono)
Culture of Japanese restaurant
Seishu (refined sake)
Somen noodles (fine white noodles)
Kamaboko (boiled fish paste)
Hakozushi (pressed sushi)
Maki-zushi (sushi roll)
Proverbs and Koji Seigo (Chinese origin and proverbs)
Three years on a stone (Perseverance prevails). Fortune favors cheerful homes. A horse comes from a gourd (It was only a joke, but it has come true/Something unexpected has happened). If you talk about next year, devils will laugh at you.
Works based on Kamigata
Literature of the townspeople in Osaka and Kyoto mainly in the Genroku era is called Kamigata literature. While the system of modern society was gradually appearing in the society, Kamigata literature described the diversified urban life and energetic human emotions and the subtleties of feeling. The three people - Saikaku IHARA who wrote Ukiyozoshi (Literally, Books of the Floating World), a joruri writer Monzaemon CHIKAMATSU and a haikai poet Basho MATSUO – have left major marks in it.