Emperor Gotsuchimikado (後土御門天皇)
Emperor Gotsuchimikado (July 3, 1442 - October 21, 1500), the 103rd Emperor, reigned in the Muromachi period from August 21, 1464 to October 21, 1500. His first name was Fusahito.
Brief Personal History
He was enthroned after the abdication of Emperor Gohanazono, who passed the position to him.
(The enthronement date was December 27, 1465.)
Soon after the enthronement the Onin War occurred, and temples, shrines and court nobles' palaces were burned down; subsequently, the Imperial Palace, which was financially fragile, collapsed. He was forced to escape, whereupon he lived at Muromachi Dai (the mansion of the Yoshimasa ASHIKAGA) for ten years in order to be away from the war.
After the war, the Emperor was keen to restore the traditional events of the Imperial Palace; however, it didn't go so well, and he died on September 28, 1500
He was furious about the Coup of Meio and decided to abdicate the throne; however, he didn't do so after receiving advice from Dainagon (chief councilor of state), Chikanaga KANROJI, who had long been an aide to the Emperor. Because the Imperial Palace was nearly bankrupt at that time, it is said that the Emperor was concerned over the worst situation in which money would have to be borrowed from Masamoto HOSOKAWA for an enthronement ceremony, even though he had caused the war. After the Emperor died, his body remained at the Imperial Palace for more than a month because there weren't enough funds for a funeral.
Eras during his reign
Kansho (December 27, 1465) - February 28, 1466
Bunsho February 28, 1466 - March 5, 1467
Onin March 5, 1467 - March 28, 1469
Bunmei (Japan) March 28, 1469 - July 20, 1487
Chokyo July 20, 1487 - August 21, 1489
Entoku August 21, 1489 - July 19, 1492
Meio July 19, 1492 - (September 28, 1500)
The Emperor was entombed in Fukakusa no Kita no Misasagi at Fukakusa Bo-cho, in the Fushimi Ward of Kyoto City. A portion of his remains was left at Hanshuin no Misasagi, in the Kamigyo Ward of Kyoto City, as was done in the case of his father, Emperor Gohanazono.