The Takatsukasa Family (鷹司家)

The Takatsukasa Family is one of the five sekke (regent) houses and kuge (court nobility).

Summary

The original forefather was Kanehira TAKATSUKASA, the fourth son of Iezane KONOE of the Konoe Family, which was the main line of the House of Fujiwara North of the Fujiwara clan, in the mid-Kamakura period. The family name was derived from Takatsukasa Street in Heian-kyo (the Kanehira family was in Takatsukasa-Muromachi). During the Edo period the stipend was 1000 koku, but later it was 1500 koku. The family was ranked as a prince after the Meiji Restoration. The crest is a peony.

During the Sengoku period (the Warring States period) (Japan), the family line failed once in the generation of Tadafuyu TAKATSUKASA, but in the early Edo period Nobufusa TAKATSUKASA, the son of Haruyoshi NIJO, restored the Takatsukasa Family, which continued to exist until the modern age. In 1743, Sukehira TAKATSUKASA (Imperial Prince Kaninnomiya Naohito) inherited the Takatsukasa Family. From the late Edo period to the end of the Edo shogunate period, the family heads of the House of Takatsukasa frequently became senior regents, and in particular Masamichi TAKATSUKASA served as a senior regent for 30 years.From the late Edo period to the end of the Edo shogunate period, the heads of the Takatsukasa Family frequently became senior regents, and in particular Masamichi TAKATSUKASA served as a senior regent for 30 years.

Because Takako TAKATSUKASA, the daughter of Nobufusa, became a legitimate wife of Iemitsu TOKUGAWA, her younger brother Nobuhira TAKATSUKASA was allowed to refer to himself as being of the Takatsukasa-Matsudaira Family, and he changed his social status from a court noble who served the Emperor to a hatamoto (a direct vassal of the shogun) of the Tokugawa family; the Takatsukasa Family, a samurai family, had been promoted over generations and ultimately became the house of the lord of the domain of Yoshii, in Kozuke Province.

Main figures

Kanehira TAKATSUKASA (1228 to 1294)
Tadafuyu TAKATSUKASA (1509 to 1546)
Nobufusa TAKATSUKASA (1565 to 1657)
Takako TAKATSUKASA (1602 to 1674) was the legitimate wife of Iemitsu TOKUGAWA, the third-generation shogun of the Edo shogunate.

Nobuko TAKATSUKASA (1651 to 1709) was the legitimate wife of Tsunayoshi TOKUGAWA, the fifth-generation shogun of the Edo shogunate.

Sukehira TAKATSUKASA (1739 to 1813)
Masahiro TAKATSUKASA (1761 to 1841)
Masamichi TAKATSUKASA (1789 to 1868)

The Takatsukasa-Matsudaira Family

Nobuhira MATSUDAIRA (1636 to 1689)
Nobumasa MATSUDAIRA (1661 to 1691)
Nobukiyo MATSUDAIRA (1689 to 1724)
Nobutomo MATSUDAIRA (lord of the domain of Yoshii) (1712 to 1760)
Nobuari MATSUDAIRA (1739 to 1793)
Nobuaki MATSUDAIRA (lord of the domain of Yoshii) (1745 to 1775)
Nobunari MATSUDAIRA (1767 to 1800)
Nobumitsu MATSUDAIRA (1775 to 1803)
Nobuyoshi MATSUDAIRA (1798 to 1841)
Nobutada MATSUDAIRA (1828 to 1847)
Nobuoki MATSUDAIRA (1824 to 1890)
Nobunori YOSHII (1853 to 1890)