Shimogyo Ward (下京区)

Shimogyo Ward is one of the eleven wards that constitute Kyoto City. The area between Shijo-Karasuma (Karasuma-dori Street) on Shijo-dori Street, which constitutes the northern border of this ward, and Shijo-Kawaramachi (Kawaramachi-dori Street) is one of the most bustling shopping and entertainment areas in Kyoto Prefecture as well as in Kyoto City.

Kyoto Station is a terminal reaching to surrounding areas in Kyoto City, and many commercial facilities, such as the Kyoto Tower and the Kyoto Station building, are located around it.

With more and more businesses advancing into this area, the population had continued to decrease for more than thirty years due to the so-called donut phenomenon, but since 1995, the population has increased because, corresponding to people's tendency for living in city centers, conditions of the residential area have been improved and an increasing number of condominiums have been constructed. According to the census conducted in 2005, Shimogyo Ward was one of the wards, together with adjacent Nakagyo Ward and Minami Ward (Kyoto City), which saw an increase in population.

Geography
Rivers: Hori-kawa River (Kyoto Prefecture), Kamo-gawa River (Yodo-gawa River system) and Takase-gawa River (Kyoto Prefecture)

History

April 10, 1879: Shimogyo Ward was established in Kyoto Prefecture.

April 1, 1889: This ward was merged with Kamigyo Ward to inaugurate Kyoto City. Each of Kamigyo Ward and Shimogyo Ward became an administrative ward of Kyoto City.

April 1, 1929: Nakagyo Ward and Higashiyama Ward were generated by separating Kamigyo Ward and Shimogyo Ward.

September 1, 1955: Minami Ward (Kyoto City) was generated by separating Shimogyo Ward.

Region

Education
Facilities
Kyoto Research Park
Campus Plaza Kyoto
The first central Kyoto municipal wholesale market
Kyoto Central Post Office
Kyoto Station

Transportation
Railroads
Kyoto Municipal Subway
Karasuma Line of Kyoto Municipal Subway
(to/from Kokusai Kaikan Station) - Shijo Station (Kyoto Municipal Subway) - Gojo Station (Kyoto Municipal Subway) - Kyoto Station - (to/from Takeda Station (Kyoto Prefecture))
West Japan Railway Company (JR West)
Tokaido Main Line
(to/from Maibara Station) - Kyoto Station - (to/from Osaka Station)
Nara Line
Kyoto Station - (to/from Kizu Station (Kyoto Prefecture))
Sagano Line
Kyoto Station - Tanbaguchi Station - (to/from Sonobe Station)
Central Japan Railway Company (JR Tokai)
Tokaido Shinkansen
(to/from Tokyo Station) - Kyoto Station - (to/from Shin-Osaka Station)
Kintetsu Corporation
Kintestu Kyoto Line
Kyoto Station - (to/from Yamato-Saidaiji Station)
Hankyu Railway
Kyoto Main Line
(to/from Juso Station) - Karasuma Station - Kawaramachi Station (Kyoto Prefecture)
Keifuku Electric Railroad
Arashiyama Line
Shijo-Omiya Station - (to/from Saiin Station)

Roads
Major streets in this ward
Shijo-dori Street, Gojo-dori Street, Shichijo-dori Street and Shiokoji-dori Street
Nishioji-dori Street, Senbon-dori Street, Omiya-dori Street, Horikawa-dori Street, Karasuma-dori Street and Kawaramachi-dori Street

National routes
National routes running in this ward: National Route 1 (Gojo-dori Street and Horikawa-dori Street) and National Route 367 (Karasuma-dori Street)

Scenic sites, historic sites, tourist spots, specialty, festivals and events
Shinshu-honbyo Temple - Shosei-en Garden
Nishi Hongwan-ji Temple
Bukko-ji Temple
Gojo-ohashi Bridge
The Kyoto Tower
Kyoto Station
Umekoji-koen Park
Umekoji Steam Locomotive Museum
The main building and the auditorium of Ryukoku University (important cultural assets)
Sumiya Motenashi Museum of Art and Culture
The Bank of Yanagihara Memorial Museum
Gion Matsuri (Gion Festival)

Others
Post office in charge of collection and delivery in Shimogyo Ward is as follows:

Kyoto Central Post Office: 600-0000, 600-8xxx, 601-0000 and 601-8xxx