Mibu Roshi (壬生浪士)

Mibu Roshi, or Seichu Roshi, is a predecessor of the Shinsengumi (a group who guarded Kyoto during the end of Tokugawa Shogunate).

Hachiro KIYOKAWA led a group of roshi (masterless samurai) to Kyoto, and when Kiyokawa 's group returned to Tokyo, 24 members remained in Kyoto to organize Mibu Roshi group in 1863. See below for a list of the members. Before they formed the Shinsengumi, these roshi were made fun of as 'Miboro (meaning raggedy clothes)' because of the poor state of their appearance. They were also called the 'Mibu no Okami (Raggedy Wolves)'. Some say there were female members.

Founding Members

24 founding members.

Serizawa group
Kamo SERIZAWA: Died September 18, 1863 in a surprise attack by Hijikata and other members.
Purge

Nishiki NIIMI: Died September 13, 1863 by seppuku (suicide by disembowelment)

Iori TANAKA: Same person as Niimi
(Another theory exists)

Goro HIRAYAMA: Purged along with Serizawa

Jusuke HIRAMA: Died August 22, 1874 in Serizawa-mura, his home village.

Kenji NOGUCHI: Died December 27, 1863 by Seppuku

Matasaburo SAEKI: Killed August 10, 1863 by Serizawa as a spy from Choshu
(Another theory exists)

Shingoro KASUYA: Dropped out in 1863

Shieikan group (Kondo group)
Isami KONDO: Beheaded April 25, 1868 by the government army

Toshizo HIJIKATA: Died May 11, 1869 in the Battle of Hakodate

Soji OKITA: Died May 30, 1868 from tuberculosis

Keisuke YAMANAMI(SANNAN): Died February 23, 1865 by Seppuku at the military post for desertion

Shinpachi NAGAKURA: Died January 5, 1915 from old age

Sanosuke HARADA: Died May 17, 1868 after receiving a fatal injury at the Battle of Ueno

Genzaburo INOUE: Died January 4, 1868 fighting in the Battle of Yodo-Senryomatsu

Heisuke TODO: Died November 18, 1867 in an attack from the Kondo group at Aburanokoji

Hajime SAITO: Died September 28, 1915 from a gastric ulcer

Eizaburo ABIRU: Died April 6, 1863 from illness. He may have been killed.

Tonouchi-Iesato group
Yoshio TONOUCHI: Assassinated March 25, 1863 at Shijo-ohashi Bridge by Kondo's group

Tsuguo IESATO: Forced to commit seppuku on April 24, 1863 by the Seirizawa and Kondo groups in Osaka while on guard duty for the Shogun.

Yuzan NEGISHI: Left Kyoto for Tokyo at the end of April 1863 using the excuse that he was going to Ise-jingu Shrine. Died December 3, 1890.

Joan ENDO: Went back to Tokyo with Negishi

Goichi SHIMIZU: Went back to Tokyo with Negishi
Died May 27, 1872

Chozo SUZUKI: Went back to Tokyo with Negishi

Jinnosuke KAMISHIRO: Deserted at the end of April 1863

Other members

The members who joined the group during the period from its foundation to the time the group was renamed the Shinsengumi.

Before about May 1863
Aijiro SASAKI: Assassinated August 2, 1863, assassin unknown

Shinsengumi).html">Katsuji KAWASHIMA (Shinsengumi): In 1866, calling himself a member of Shinsengumi even after he was discharged from the group, he stole money and was forced to commit seppuku

Kentaro MIURA: Left the group by July 1863

Kuranosuke SASAKI: Left the group by July 1865

Hayataro ANDO: Died July 22, 1864 from illness caused by injury he received in the Ikedaya Incident

Chuji MATSUBARA: Died September 1, 1865 from illness

Kiminosuke KAMEI: Left the group by July 1863

Shimenoshin ARIDOSHI: Deserted the group by June 1864?
Ryutaro MAZUME: Deserted the group on June 5, 1864

Shinjuro MAZUME: Deserted the group on June 5, 1864

Kichichi HAMAGUCHI: Deserted the group by June 1864?
Shintaro HAYASHI: Died October 27, 1868 fighting in the Boshin War

Hiroto TADOKORO: Deserted the group by June 1864?
Kai SHIMADA: Died March 20, 1900

Shogen IEKI: Left the group by July 1863

Kingo NAKAMURA: Left the group by June 1867

Harutaka YAMADA: Left the group by July 1863

Keisai DAIMATSU: Left the group by July 1863

Takumi HOSOKAWA: Left the group by July 1863

Yoji SUGIYAMA: Left the group by July 1863

After May 25, 1863
Syuntaro OGATA: Missing during the Aizu War in 1868

Susumu YAMAZAKI: Died January 13 1868 on board the ship going to Edo, from an injury received in the Battle of Toba-Fushimi

Sanjuro TANI: Died suddenly on April 1, 1866

Yahei OZAKI: Died November 17, 1865 from illness

Kisaburo KAWAI: Committed seppuku on February 12, 1866 after losing the group's money

Hyogo SAKAI: After the Ikedaya Incident in 1864, deserted the group in about July 1865, and was killed

Before August 18, 1863
Kazue MATSUNAGA: on September 26, 1863, he was revealed as a spy from Choshu and escaped

Eisuke OKUZAWA: Died June 5, 1864 fighting in the Ikedaya Incident

Kojuro KUSUNOKI: on September 26, 1864, he was revealed as a spy from Choshu and killed by Harada

Tsushima HIJIKATA: Deserted the group by June 1864?
Juro ABE: Left the group to join Goryo-eji (guards of Imperial mausoleums) in 1867
Died January 6, 1907

Rokuro MORI: Deserted the group by June 1864?
Yasohachi YAMANO: Left the group before the Hakodate War
Died 1910

Kango ARIDOSHI: Died May 11, 1869 fighting in the Hakodate War

Ryozo SHUKUIN: Died January 6, 1868 fighting in the Battle of Hashimoto

Masajiro OZEKI: Died February 28, 1892

Saburo MAGOSHI: Before the Ikedaya Incident, he claimed to Hijikata that Kanryusai TAKEDA had attempted to approach him sexually and left the group

Shizuma MATSUZAKI: participated in the coup on August 18. Thereafter, his whereabouts are unknown.

Minezo SHINOZUKA: Participated in the Ikedaya Incident
While members went to Edo to recruit, he remained in Kyoto.

Hikonosuke FUJIMOTO: Deserted the group by June 1864?
Isetake MIKURA: on September 26, 1863, he was revealed as a spy from Choshu and was killed by Saito

Yohachiro ITO: Deserted the group by June 1864?
Sanjiro YANAGIDA: He was in the group until July 1865. He may have deserted the group thereafter.

Kingo UEDA: Deserted the group by June 1864?
Hayato WADAI: Deserted the group by June 1864?
Saburo ECHIGO: In 1863, he was revealed as a spy from Choshu and escaped

Kyuma NAKAMURA: Deserted the group by June 1864?
Rokuro SUGANO: Deserted the by June 1864?
Samanosuke ARAKIDA: on September 26, 1863, he was revealed as a spy from Choshu and killed by Nagakura