Political Merchants (政商)
Seisho (Political Merchants) refers to businessmen and companies who obtain exclusive economic benefits and guide certain policies to serve their own interests by taking advantage of their connections with politicians and high-ranking government officials. This word, which originally referred to that class of businessmen that appeared in the Meiji period, belongs to the historical category.
Famous Political Merchants
Takatoshi MITSUI (a purveyor to the Edo bakufu [Japanese feudal government headed by a shogun])
The First National Bank (the present-day Mizuho Bank, Ltd.)
Kansai Boeki Sha (Kansai Trading Company)
Hokkaido Colliery & Steamship Co., Ltd. (Mitsui Kanko Kaihatsu K.K.)
Fujita-Gumi (Fujita Zaibatsu)
The Yomiuri Group
The Tokyu Group
The Seibu Group
Kumagai Gumi Co., Ltd.
Kokusai Kogyo Co., Ltd.
Fukushima-kotsu Co., Ltd.
Sagawa Express Co., Ltd.
ORIX Corporation (a business corporation)
TOYOTA MOTOR CORPORATION
Mizutani Kensetsu Co.