Kanai Noburu (金井延)
Noburu KANAI (February 26, 1865 - August 13, 1933) was from Shizuoka Prefecture, an economist and a member of Society for the Study of Social Policy. He was known for his strong insistence on his pro-war position at the beginning of the Russo-Japanese War.
He and Hirondo TOMIZU were members of a group known as 'Seven Scholars.'
After graduating from the University of Tokyo, he went to Germany to study under Gustav von Schmoller and Adolf Wagner. After he had returned to Japan, he joined and became a core member of Society for the Study of Social Policy, and taught as a professor of Tokyo Imperial University until 1925. He established his position based on the economics and social policies he studied in Germany; he joined and became a core member of Society for the Study of Social Policy (of Japan, in 1897) after he returned from Germany. He criticized free economy and advocated the gold and silver bimetallism and the protection of workers by the nation.
KANAI together with Hirondo TOMIZU, Masaakira TOMII, Toru TERAO, Sakue TAKAHASHI, Kiheiji ONOZUKA, and Shingo NAKAMURA submitted the opinion in writing (The Written Opinion of Seven Scholars) supporting the pro-war position and swayed the public opinion in the direction of opening the war in June, 1903 preceding the Russo-Japanese War. He also spoke against the Russo-Japanese Peace Treaty.
"Recent Trend in Economics and Cathedral Socialism"