Ono no Yoshifuru (小野好古)

ONO no Yoshifuru (884- March 20, 968) was a Kugyo (top court official) with the rank of Jusanmi (Junior Third Rank) and the post of Sangi (royal adviser) in the mid-Heian period. His father was ONO no Kuzuo, Dazai no daini (Senior Assistant Governor-General of the Dazai-fu offices), and his grandfather was ONO no Takamura. His younger brother was ONO no Michikaze, Kura gon no kami (provisional chief of the Bureau of Palace Storehouses) and Nosho Sanseki (one of the three great calligraphers).

The Ono clan were descendants of ONO no Imoko, and provided many Dazai no daini (Vice Ministers to Dazaifu), having close ties to Dazaifu. Ono was a military clan before development of the 'samurai' system.

In 939, Yoshifuru went to Kyushu as Tsuibu Sanyo and Nankai Ryodo Kyozokushi Chokan (Chief of the police officers who subdue the barbarians in the Sanyo and Nankai areas) to suppress the Johei and Tengyo War (FUJIWARA no Sumitomo's War). Along with FUJIWARA no Yoshiyuki, the third ranking officer of the Tsuibushi Hankan (the Office of Police and Judicial Chief) and OKURA no Haruzane, the fourth ranking officer of the Sankan (secretary), he fought FUJIWARA no Sumitomo's army, who attacked the Dazaifu, at Hakatatsu.

He was also known as a Kajin poet. Some of his poems are included in the "Gosen Wakashu" (Later selected collection of Japanese poetry) and "Shui Wakashu" (Collection of Gleanings of Japanese Poems). He was also known as the person who started Kyokusui no Utage (making-poetry party at the stream in a garden) in Dazaifu.

History of his official posts

April 22, 912: Appointed Sanuki gon no jo (the third officer of regional administration in Sanuki)

February 28, 917: Transferred to the post of Gonno Shoshin (Junior Office Secretary) to Togu (Imperial Prince Yasuakira, the son of Emperor Daigo).

February 11, 922: Promoted to Jugoinoge (Junior Fifth Rank, Lower Grade).
June 28, 922: Appointed Ukyo no suke (Assistant Master of the Right Capital Offices)

September 15, 924: Promoted to the post of Okura Shobu (Junior Assistant Minister of the Ministry of the Treasury)

November 7, 925: Transferred to the post of Daishin (Office Secretary) to Chugu (Emperor Daigo's Empress FUJIWARA no Onshi, a daughter of the late Kanpaku (chief adviser to the Emperor) FUJIWARA no Mototsune).

December 13, 930: Transferred to the post of Uemon Gonno Suke (Provincial Assistant Captain of the Right Gate Guards).

June 4, 931: Given permission for access to the imperial court.

December 21, 932: Promoted to Jugoinojo (Junior Fifth Rank, Upper Grade).
Remained in the post of Uemon Gonno Suke

April 4, 935: Concurrently held the post of Bizen Gonno Suke (Provisional Assistant Governor of Bizen Province)

February 29, 936: Concurrently held the post of Chugu Gonno Suke (Provincial Assistant Master of the Office of the Consort's Household)

May 3, 938: Transferred to the post of Ukonoe Gonno Shosho (Major General of the Inner Palace Guards, Right Division).
Remained in the post of Chugu Gonno Suke

February 3, 939: Promoted to Shogoinoge (Senior Fifth Rank, Lower Grade) and remained in the posts of Ukonoe Gonno Shosho and Chugu Gonno Suke
February 27, 939: Concurrently held the post of Omi Gonno Suke (Provisional Assistant Governor of Omi Province)

February 940: Appointed Tsuibu Kyozokushi (Chief of the Police Officers who subdue the barbarians).

June 9, 941: Promoted to Jushiinoge (Junior Fourth Rank, Lower Grade) and remained in the posts of Ukonoe Gonno Shosho and Chugu Gonno Suke
September 16, 941: Given permission for access to the imperial court.

April 21, 942: Transferred to the post of Sakonoe no Chujo (Lieutenant General of the Inner Palace Guards, Left Division)
January 943: Concurrently held the post of Bizen Gonno Kami (Provisioanl Governor of Bizen Province)

March 23, 944: Concurrently held the post of Yamashiro no Kami (Governor of Yamashiro Province)
Resigned from the post of Bizen Gonno Kami

November 26, 945: Moved to the post of Dazai no daini

May 24, 947: Appointed Sangi
May 29, 947: Concurrently held the post of Dazai no daini

950: Resigned from the post of Dazai no daini

January 29, 953: Promoted to Jushiinojo (Junior Fourth Rank, Upper Grade), remained in the post of Sangi
February 18, 953: Concurrently held the post of Sanuki Gonno Kami (Provisional Governor of Sanuki Province)

November 9, 955: Concurrently held the post of Bicchu Gonno Kami (Provisional Governor of Bicchu Province)
Resigned from the post of Sanuki Gonno Kami

February 3, 958: Promoted to Shoshiinoge (Senior Fourth Rank, Lower Grade) and remained in the post of Sangi
September 19, 958: Concurrently held the post of Danjodaihitsu (Assistant President of the Censors)

August 28, 959: Concurrently held the post of Sadaiben (Major Controller of the Left)

February 28, 960: Concurrently held the post of Bicchu Gonno Kami
May 26, 960: Concurrently held the post of Dazai no daini
Resigned from posts of Sadaiben, Danjodaihitsu, and Danjodaihitsu

February 19, 962: Promoted to Jusanmi (Junior Third Rank) and remained in the posts of Sangi and Dazai no daini

966: Resigned from the post of Dazai no daini

August 20, 967: Full retirement

March 20, 968: He Died
Age at Death: 85