Sugawara no Fumitoki (菅原文時)

Born in 899 and passed away on October 13, 981, SUGAWARA no Fumitoki was a literary man and a politician in the middle of the Heian period. SUGAWARA no Michizane was his grandfather, and SUGAWARA no Takami was his father. Michizane, Takami and Fumitoki are called "Kansanbon," which means three "菅s" (kans).

Fumitoki held various positions, such as Monjo hakase (Professor of Literature), Naiki (Secretary of the Ministry of Central Affairs), Benkan (the oversight department of the Dajokan responsible for controlling central and provincial governmental offices) and Shikibu taifu (Senior Assistant Minister of Ceremonial). In 954, Emperor Murakami sought political advice from retainers, and in 957, Fumitoki offered his opinion composed of three clauses to the emperor. In 981, Fumitoki received the investiture of Jusanmi (Junior Third Rank). In September of the same year, he died at the age of 83.

"Fukuro Zoshi" (Book of Folded Pages) carried an article of which the draft verse and prose were considred by Fumitoki himself to be poor, were acclaimed as excellent in contrast by his disciple YOSHISHIGE no Yasutane. He left behind his masterpieces in "Honcho Monzui" (Anthology of waka and prose written in classical Chinese), "Fuso Shu" (Chinese classics in the Heian period) and "Wakan Roei Shu" (Japanese and Chinese poems to sing).