Private school (私塾)

Private schools were private-run educational institutions (whose teachers were the brightest persons and former government ministers, etc.) in China as well as in Japan during the Edo Period.

The schools were designed to educate students who sought to pass (ancient) Chinese higher civil service examinations or intended to become politicians.

The subjects taught there were Sanjikyo (three Character Classic), Senjimon (the Thousand Character Classic), and Shishogokyo (the Four Books and Five Classics of Confucianism, the Nine Chinese Classics).